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Chatrapati Shivaji Maharaj History


Everyone knows about Srimanta Chhatrapati Shivaji Maharaj, one of the heroic sons of India. Many people call him the Hindu heart emperor, while some people call him Maratha pride, while he was the great general of The Indian Republic.

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Chhatrapati Shivaji Maharaj was born on 19 February 1630 in a Maratha family. Some people state his birth in 1627. His full name was Shivaji Bhonsle.

Shivaji was the son of father Shahaji and mother Jijabai. His birthplace is the fort of Shivneri, located near Pune. An attempt to establish a sovereign independent rule in the whole of India was also done by the exclusive priest of independence, Veer Shivaji Maharaj, to free the nation from foreign and militant state power.

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Similarly, he is accepted as a leading hero and immortal freedom fighter. Like Maharana Pratap, Veer Shivaji was a living symbol and symbol of nationalism. Let's know about Srimanta Chhatrapati Veer Shivaji.

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Chatrapati Shivaji Maharaj was not anti-Muslim

Shivaji has been accused of being anti-Muslim, but this is not true because there were many Muslim heroes and fighters in his army, there were many Muslim Sardars and people like Subedars. In fact, the whole struggle of Shivaji was against the bigotry and the arrogance which was maintained by rulers like Aurangzeb and those who grew up under his shadow.

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In the summer of 1674, Shivaji pompously sat on the throne and laid the foundation of independent sovereignty. He freed the overbearing Hindu masses. Although the Christian and Muslim rulers used to force their votes on the majority of the people, they would do extra, while in Shivaji's rule the places of worship of both these sects were not only protected but also the fear-free the atmosphere for the converted Muslims and Christians. Shivaji ruled for six years through his council of eight ministers. Many Muslims were also involved in his administrative service.

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Creation of religious rites by Chatrapati Shivaji Maharaj

His childhood was spent under the guidance of his mother Jijau. Mother Jijabai, despite being religious in nature, was a heroic woman in virtue and behavior. For this reason, she raised the child Shiva and heard bright stories of the Ramayana, Mahabharata, and other Indian spirits.

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Under the patronage of Dada Konadev, he was also proficient in all types of contemporary warfare. Religious education was also imparted to religion, culture, and politics. In that era, Shivaji became a full-fledged nationalist, kartaviparayan, and hard-working warrior by coming in contact with the supreme saint Ramdev.

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Started winning the fort in childhood

In childhood, Shivaji used to gather the children of his age to become their leader and play the game of war and win the fort. As soon as he got into his youth, his game became real deeds and he started attacking enemies and winning his fort, etc.

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As soon as Shivaji asserted his authority over the forts like Purandar and Toran, his name and deeds went to the south, the news reached Agra and Delhi like fire. The tyrannical Turks, Yavans, and all their rulers were worried about fearing to hear their name.

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Chatrapati Shivaji Maharaj Wife and Sons

Chhatrapati Shivaji Maharaj was married to Saibai Nimbalkar on 14 May 1640 in Lal Mahal, Puna. His son's name was Sambhaji. Sambhaji (May 14, 1657 - died: March 11, 1689) was Shivaji's eldest son and successor, who ruled from 1680 to 1689 AD. Shambhuji lacked his father's diligence and determination. Sambhaji's wife's name was Yesubai. His son and successor was Rajaram.

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Sambhaji Raje: Pediatrician

Sambhaji is considered the world's first child literateur. By the age of 14, Sambhaji was the first child Literatur in the world to compose texts like Budhbhushanam (Sanskrit), Nayikabheda, Satasatak, Nakhshikh (Hindi) etc. They were dominated by Marathi, Hindi, Persian, Sanskrit, English, Kannada etc. languages. The speed with which he fired the pen, he also used the sword. Shivaji had many wives and two sons, the last years of his life were spent in trouble due to the piety of his eldest son.

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This son of his had once joined the Mughals and was brought back with great difficulty. The anxiety of protecting the empire from enemies amidst domestic quarrels and mutual disharmony of its ministers soon brought Shivaji to the brink of death. Shivaji died on April 3 in his capital Pahari Durg Rajgarh after a brief illness in 1680.

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Adilshah and Shivaji Maharaj

When the ruler of Bijapur, Adilshah, who was terrorized by Shivaji's increasing glory, could not arrest Shivaji, he arrested Shivaji's father Shahaji. On discovering this, Shivaji became enraged. He raided his policy and courage, and soon liberated his father from this prison.

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Then the ruler of Bijapur ordered Shivaji commander Afzal Khan to order Shivaji to get him alive or dead. He created a false drama of brotherhood and reconciliation and wanted to kill Shivaji in the circle of his arms, but he himself was killed due to a cloak hidden in the hands of the sensible Shivaji. Due to this, his forces found his commander dead and escaped from there by pressing the tail.

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Chatrapati Shivaji Maharaj: Collision with Mughals

Worried over the increasing power of Shivaji, the Mughal emperor Aurangzeb ordered his Subedar appointed in the south to mount them. But Subedar had to face his mouth. During the fight with Shivaji, he lost his son and himself cut his fingers. He had to leave the field and run away. After this incident, Aurangzeb sent an army of about 100,000 soldiers under the leadership of his most influential commander, Mirza Raja Jaisingh.

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In order to crush Shivaji, Raja Jai ​​Singh made a treaty with the Sultan of Bijapur and took possession of the fort of 'Vrajgarh' on 24 April 1665, in the first phase of his plan to empower Purandar's fort. While protecting the fort of Purandar, Shivaji's very valiant general 'Murarji Baji' was killed. Seeing himself unable to save Purandar's fort, Shivaji offered a treaty to Maharaja Jai ​​Singh. The two leaders agreed to the terms of the treaty and on 22 June 1665 AD, the 'Treaty of Purandar' was concluded.

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Chatrapati Shivaji Maharaj state boundary
The eastern boundary of Shivaji touched Baghla in the north and then covered most of the district of Satara and Kolhapur, with an indefinite boundary line running between Nashik and Poona districts towards the south. The regions of western Karnataka were later incorporated. This region of Swaraj was divided into three main parts.

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Chatrapati Shivaji Maharaj Army
Shivaji had formed a permanent army of his own. At the time of Shivaji's death, his army consisted of 30-40 thousand regular and permanently appointed cavalry, one lakh materials and 1260 elephants. Exact information regarding their artillery is not available.

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The cavalry was divided into two categories: - Bargir and cavalry were the soldiers who were given horses and weapons from the state. The smallest unit of the cavalry consisted of 25 soldiers, with a sergeant. There was a jumla of five havildars. On top of which there was a jumaldar. Ten jumladars used to have a thousand and a pajajari was above five thousand. He used to come under Sarnobat. One sailor and recruits were given by the state for every 25 units.

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Forts of Chatrapati Shivaji Maharaj

The forts were typical features of the Maratha military system. According to the narrators, Shivaji had 250 forts. They used to spend a large amount on repairs. Shivaji commanded several fortifications, one of which was the Sinhagad fort, which he sent to Tanaji to win. While winning this fort, Tanaji got heroism. - Garh Ala Pan Singh Galla (We won the fort but Lion left us). Forts like the Chakan, Sinhagad and Purandar in Raigad (1646) also came under their authority under the state boundaries of the Sultan of Bijapur.

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Chatrapati Shivaji Maharaj Agra Tour

Having received full assurance of his safety, Chhatrapati Shivaji agreed to meet Aurangzeb at the court of Agra. He appeared in the Mughal court on 9 May 1666 AD with his son Shambhaji and 4000 Maratha soldiers, but not receiving proper respect by Aurangzeb, Shivaji called Aurangzeb as 'treacherous' in the filled court, which resulted in Aurangzeb and Shivaji His son was imprisoned in 'Jaipur Bhavan'. From there, Shivaji escaped hiding in a fruit basket on August 13, 1666 AD and reached Raigad on September 22, 1666 AD.

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Chatrapati Shivaji Maharaj: Innovator of guerrilla warfare

It is said that Chhatrapati Shivaji started the guerrilla war for the first time in India. Inspired by his war policy, the Vietnamese won the forest from America. The mention of this war is found in the 'Shiva Sutra' composed in that period. Gorilla War A type of guerrilla war. Broadly guerrilla wars are fought by troops of paramilitary or irregular troops attacking the enemy's rear or side.

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Samarth Ramdas: Guru of Shivaji Maharaj

The name of Guru Ramdasji of Shivaji, the founder of 'Hindu Pad Padshahi', is well-known in the saints and learned society of India. He also composed a book called 'Dasabodh', which is in Marathi language. From Kashmir to Kanyakumari all over India, he tried to prepare the people for the establishment of self-government by establishing 1100 monasteries and akhadas. He is credited with the establishment of the akhadas, hence he was considered the incarnation of Lord Hanuman, as he was an ardent devotee of Hanuman.

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Chhatrapati Shivaji Maharaj used to do something only after taking inspiration from his guru. Samarth Ramdasji had a great contribution in making Chhatrapati Maharaja Shivaji the 'Great Shivaji'.

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Worshipers of Tulja Bhavani

Tuljapur is located in Osmanabad district of Maharashtra. A place where Tulja Bhavani, the Kuldevi mother of Chhatrapati Shivaji, is established, which is still prevalent as Kuldevi of many residents of Maharashtra and other states. Veer Srimanth is Tulja Bhavani, the Kuldevi mother of Chhatrapati Shivaji Maharaj. Shivaji the Great used to worship him only. It is believed that Devi herself appeared and was given a sword by the Mother Goddess. Currently this sword is kept in the Museum of London.

Shivaji Maharaj Death

Due to prolonged illness, in 1680, Veer Chhatrapati Shivaji died and his empire was taken over by his son Sambhaji. Gau-Brahmin Pratipalak, Yavana-Parpadaka, Proudh Pratap Purandhar, Kshatriya Kulavatansh, Rajadhiraj, Maharaj, Yogiraj, Sri Sri Sri Chhatrapati Shivaji Maharaj's Jai ... Jai Bhavani. Jai Shivaji!!!

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